Centralized Air Pollution Detection and Monitoring: A Review

Udit Ranjan Kalita, Heniel Kashyap, Amir Chetri, Jesif Ahmed


Air pollution has become a major concern over the last quarter century and therefore mitigation of poor air quality for health and environmental reasons has been a primary focus for local governments. Industrialization and increasing number of vehicles are the primary source of pollution. There is ever rising need for continuous monitoring of air quality. A lot of technologies have introduced for measuring the air pollution. This paper presents a comparative study of the available technologies. Comparisons have been done based on measured pollutants, sensitivity, range, implementation cost, level of complexity etc., which are provided in tabular form for easy comparison. Paper also includes a proposed model which is an idea to implement the same as a real time project for air pollution detection and monitoring using microcontroller and Wi-Fi module.


Centralized Air pollution, particulate matter (PM), Sensor, Wi-Fi module, Arduino, Microcontroller

Full Text:



“Ambient (Outdoor) Air Quality and Health”, Factsheet, World Health Organization. [Online]. Available: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs313/en/ [Accessed: 20 August 2017].

L. C. A. Amorim, J. P. Carneiro and Z. L. Cardeal, “An optimized method for determination of benzene in exhaled air by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry using solid phase micro extraction as a sampling technique”, Journal of Chromatography B, Vol. 865, Issues 1–2, April 2008, pp. 141-146. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2008.02.023

“Air Quality Health Index (AQHI)”, Environmental Protection Department, Govt. of Hong Kong. [Online]. Available: http://www.aqhi.gov.hk/en.html [Accessed: 22 August 2017].

“Beijing Environmental Statement 2013”, Beijing Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau. Retrieved from: http://www.bjepb.gov.cn/bjepb/resource/cms/2014/06/2014061911140819230.pdf

“Air”, Department of Environmental Conservation, New York State, U.S.A. [Online]. Available: http://www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/281.html [Accessed: 22 August 2017].

“Pollution Episodes”, London Air, London Air Quality Network (LAQN): Monitoring Site, King’s College London. [Online]. Available: http://www.londonair.org.uk/london/asp/PublicEpisodes.asp [Accessed: 22 August 2015].

D. Hasenfratz, O. Saukh, S. Sturzenegger and L. Thiele, “Participatory Air Pollution Monitoring Using Smartphones”, Proceedings of 2nd International Workshop on Mobile Sensing, April 16–20, 2012, Beijing, China. Retrieved from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/3f4f/00024beda5436dce4d677f27fe4209c3790f.pdf

W. Y. Yi, K. M. Lo, T. Mak, K. S. Leung, Y. Leung and M. L. Meng, “A Survey of Wireless Sensor Network Based Air Pollution Monitoring Systems”, Sensors, Volume 15, Issue No. 12, Dec. 2015, pp. 31392-31427. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s151229859

W. Y. Chung and S. J. Oh, “Remote monitoring system with wireless sensors module for room environment”, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, Vol. 113, Issue No. 1, January 2006, pp. 64-70.Doi:10.1016/j.snb.2005.02.023

P. Doraiswamy, W. T. Davis, T. L. Miller, J. S. Fu and Y. F. Lam, “Measuring Air Pollution Inside And Outside of Diesel Truck Cabs”, Report Prepared for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency by University of Tennessee, Knoxville, November 4, 2005. Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=

“SmartWay”, EPA, United States Environmental Protection Agency. [Online]. Available: https://www.epa.gov/smartway

F. Tsow, E. Forzani, A. Rai, R. Wang, R. Tsui, S. Mastroianni, C. Knobbe, A. J. Gandolfi and N. J. Tao, “A Wearable and Wireless Sensor System for Real-Time Monitoring of Toxic Environmental Volatile Organic Compounds”, IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 9, Issue No. 12, Dec. 2009, pp. 1734-1740. Doi: 10.1109/JSEN.2009.2030747

“How To - Build a Website”, w3schools.com. [Online]. Available: https://www.w3schools.com/howto/howto_website.asp [Accessed: 23 Aug. 2017].

S. Choi, N. Kim, H. Cha, and R. Ha, “Micro Sensor Node for Air Pollutant Monitoring: Hardware and Software Issues”, Sensors, 2009, Vol. 9, Issue No. 10, pp. 7970-7987. Doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/s91007970


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Author

Call for Paper for the upcoming issue

The journal welcomes publications of high-quality research papers, review papers, white papers, conference papers, etc. on theoretical developments and practical applications in the domain of Electrical and Electronics and its allied sciences.

Authors are solicited to contribute to the journal by submitting articles that illustrate original research works, short communications and review articles in the thrust areas of the journal as mentioned in the About page.

Submission and Template:

  • The downloadable Template and the Online submission link are available on the PAPER SUBMISSION page

ADBU Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (AJEEE) - ISSN: 2582-0257 is an International peer-reviewed Open-Access Online journal in English language that publishes scientific articles which contribute new novel experimentation and theoretical work in all areas of Electrical and Electronics Engineering and its applications.

* The views, interpretations and opinions expressed in the articles are those of the author(s) and should not be considered to reflect opinions of the Editorial Board of this journal- AJEEE.

Creative Commons License

© All Rights Reserved by Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, ADBU, Assam (India).