Potential Use of DC Microgrid for Solar and Wind Power Integration in Rural Areas in India: A Review

Risalin Lyngdoh Mairang, Bikramjit Goswami

Abstract


This paper describes the possibilities of the application of DC microgrids to solve the rural areas, energy problem in the country (India). DC Microgrids open a gateway for integration of solar and wind energies which together are an efficient and cleaner way of renewable energy generation, which can be integrated into the power distribution network. They have several other advantages, which include - reduction in transmission losses, improvement in power quality & reliability, reduction in emissions and even they are cost effective. The most important characteristic is that it provides a possibility for electrification of remote villages, which are far from the reach of the conventional grid. This paper presents a detailed discussion on the possibility of application of DC microgrids for rural areas in India.

Keywords


DC microgrid, solar, wind, BESS, supercapacitor, HOMER, State of Charge (SoC)

Full Text:

PDF

References


N. Aspinall, L. Mills, D. Strahan, R. Boyle, V. Cuming, K. Stopforth, S. Heckler and L. Becker, “Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2014: Key Findings”, Global Trends Reports, UNEP Collaborating Centre for Climate & Sustainable Energy Finance, Frankfurt School of Finance & Management, Germany, April 2014. Retrieved from http://fs-unep-centre.org/publications/gtr-2014

D. P. Kothari, “Renewable Energy Scenario in India”, Conference Proceedings of 2000 IEEE Power Engineering Society Winter Meeting, (Cat. No.00CH37077), Vol.1, Jan 23-27, 2000, pp. 634-636. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/PESW.2000.850112

K. Strunz, E. Abbasi and D. N. Huu, “DC Microgrid for Wind and Solar Power Integration”, IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics, Vol. 2, Issue No. 1, March 2014, pp. 115-126. Retrieved from https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=6681907

B. T. Patterson, “DC, Come Home: DC Microgrids and the Birth of the “Enernet” ”, IEEE Power and Energy Magazine, Vol. 10, Issue No. 6, Nov.-Dec. 2012, pp. 60-69. Doi: 10.1109/MPE.2012.2212610

S. K. Kollimalla, M. K. Mishra, A. Ukil and H. B. Gooi, “DC Grid Voltage Regulation Using New HESS Control Strategy”, IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, Vol. 8, Issue No. 2, April 2017, pp. 772-781. Doi: 10.1109/TSTE.2016.2619759

D. Chen and L. Xu, “Autonomous DC Voltage Control of a DC Microgrid with Multiple Slack Terminals”, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 27, Issue No. 4, November 2012, pp. 1897-1905. Doi: 10.1109/TPWRS.2012.2189441

D. Chen, L. Xu and L. Ya, “DC Voltage Variation Based Autonomous Control of DC Microgrid”, IEEE Transaction on Power Delivery, Vol. 28, Issue No. 2, April 2013, pp. 637-648. Doi: 10.1109/TPWRD.2013.2241083

X. Yao, “Study on DC arc faults in ring-bus DC microgrids with constant power loads”, Proceedings of 2016 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), Milwaukee, WI, Sept. 18-22, 2016, pp. 1-5. Doi: 10.1109/ECCE.2016.7855474

F. Sharp, D. Symanski and M. S. Dudzinski, “Scalable DC Micro Grids provide cost effective electricity in regions without electric infrastructure”, Proceedings of IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference (GHTC 2014), San Jose, CA, Oct. 10-13, 2014, pp. 18-24. Doi: 10.1109/GHTC.2014.6970255

V. Ostovic, “Harmonie fields machine-The low cost, high efficiency alternative to a conventional generator with frequency converter for wind energy applications”, Proceedings of 2014 International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Application (ICRERA), Milwaukee, WI, 19-22 Oct. 2014, pp. 48-54. Doi: 10.1109/ICRERA.2014.7016453

P. A. Madduri, J. Rosa, S. R. Sanders, E. A. Brewer and M. Podolsky, “Design and Verification of Smart and Scalable DC Microgrids for Emerging Regions”, Proceedings of 2013 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, Denver, CO, Sept. 15-19, 2013, pp. 73-79. Doi: 10.1109/ECCE.2013.6646683

R. K. Varma, S. A. Rahman, V. Atodaria, S. Mohan and T. Vanderheide, “Technique for Fast Detection of Short Circuit Current in PV Distributed Generator”, IEEE Power and Energy Technology Systems Journal, Vol. 3, Issue No. 4, Dec. 2016, pp. 155-165. Doi: 10.1109/JPETS.2016.2592465

J. M. Guerrero, M. Chandorkar, T. L. Lee and P. C. Loh, “Advanced Control Architectures for Intelligent Microgrids-Part I: Decentralized and Hierarchical Control”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 60, Issue No. 4, April 2013, pp. 1254-1262. Doi: 10.1109/TIE.2012.2194969

J. M. Guerrero, P. C. Loh, T. L. Lee and M. Chandorkar, “Advanced Control Architectures for Intelligent Microgrids—Part II: Power Quality, Energy Storage, and AC/DC Microgrids”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 60, Issue No. 4, April 2013, pp. 1263-1270. Doi: 10.1109/TIE.2012.2196889

D. Palmer, I. Cole, T. Betts and R. Gottschalg, “Assessment of potential for photovoltaic roof installations by extraction of roof tilt from light detection and ranging data and aggregation to census geography”, IET Renewable Power Generation, Vol. 10, Issue No. 4, April 2016, pp. 467-473. Doi: 10.1049/iet-rpg.2015.0388

G. Melath, D. Kapse and V. Agarwal, “A Loss Optimized and Cost Effective Droop Control Scheme for a DC Microgrid Integrated with a Weak Rural Distribution Grid”, Proceedings of 2016 IEEE International Conference on Power Electronics, Drives and Energy Systems (PEDES), Trivandrum, 14-17 Dec. 2016, pp. 1-6. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/PEDES.2016.7914272

H. Kakigano, M. Nomura and T. Ise, “Loss evaluation of DC distribution for residential houses compared with AC system”, Proceedings of The 2010 International Power Electronics Conference - ECCE ASIA, Sapporo, 21-24 June 2010, pp. 480-486. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/IPEC.2010.5543501

L. Zhang, T. Wu, Y. Xing, K. Sun and J. M. Gurrero, “Power Control of DC Microgrid Using DC Bus Signaling”, Proceedings of IEEE Applied Power Electronics 26th Annual Conference and Exposition (APEC), Fort Worth, TX, April 2011, pp. 1926-1932.

M. Kumar, S. N. Singh and S. C. Srivastava, “Design and Control of Smart DC Microgrid for Integration of Renewable Energy Sources”, Proceedings of 2012 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, San Diego, CA, 22-26 July 2012, pp. 1-7. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/PESGM.2012.6345018

J. M. Andújar, F. Segura and T. Domínguez, “Study of a Renewable Energy Sources-based Smart Grid. Requirements, Targets and Solutions”, Proceedings of 3rd IEEE Conference on Power Engineering and Renewable Energy (ICPERE), Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 29-30 Nov. 2016, pp. 45-50. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICPERE.2016.7904849

M. Narayana, “Demand and Supply Analysis of Community Type Wind power System at Gurugoda Village in Sri Lanka”, Proceedings of 2007 International Conference on Industrial and Information Systems, Penadeniya, 9-11 August 2007, pp. 117-121. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICIINFS.2007.4579159

C. B. Tzeng and C. H. Tzeng, “Green Energy Storage Monitor System: Electricity storage”, Proceedings of 2017 2nd International Conference Sustainable and Renewable Energy Engineering (ICSREE), Hiroshima, 10-12 May 2017, pp. 67-72. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICSREE.2017.7951513

O. M. Longe, K. Ouahada, H. C. Ferreira and S. Chinnappen, “Renewable Energy Sources Microgrid Design for Rural Area in South Africa”, Proceedings of 2014 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference (ISGT 2014), Washington, DC, 19-22 Feb. 2014, pp. 1-5. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/ISGT.2014.6816378

T. Aboul-Seoudand A. M. Sharaf, “A Novel Dynamic Voltage Regulator Compensation Scheme for a Standalone Village Electricity Wind Energy Conversion System”, Proceedings of IEEE Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (CCECE’09), NL, Canada, 3-6 May 2009, pp. 117-121. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/CCECE.2009.5090103

T. Aboul-Seoud and A. M. Sharaf, “A Novel Modulated Power Filter Compensator Scheme for Standalone Wind Energy Utilization Systems”, Proceedings of IEEE Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (CCECE’09), NL, Canada, 3-6 May 2009, pp. 390-393. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/CCECE.2009.5090160

A. M. Sharaf, A. S. Aljankawey and I. H. Altas, “Dynamic Voltage Stabilization of Stand-Alone Wind Energy Schemes”, Proceedings of 2007 IEEE Canada Electrical Power Conference, Montreal, Que.,Oct. 25-26, 2007, pp. 14-19. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/EPC.2007.4520299

J. B. Fulzele and M. B. Daigavan, “Optimization of PV-Wind Hybrid Renewable Energy system for Rural Electrification”, Proceedings of 2015 7th International Conference on Emerging Trends in Engineering & Technology (ICETET), Kobe, Japan, Nov. 18-20, 2015, pp. 101-105. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICETET.2015.47

R. Huang, S. Low, U. Topcu and K. Chandy, “Optimal design of hybrid energy system with PV/Wind Turbine/ Storage: A Case study”, Proceedings of 2011 IEEE International Conference on Smart Grid Communications (SmartGridComm), Brussels,17-20 Oct. 2011, pp. 511-516. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/SmartGridComm.2011.6102376

N. Razak and M. Othman, “Optimal sizing and operational strategy of hybrid renewable energy system using HOMER”, Proceedings of 2010 4th International Power Engineering and Optimization Conference (PEOCO), Shah Alam, 23-24 June 2010, pp. 495 – 501. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/PEOCO.2010.5559240


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Author and Journal (AJEEE)


Call for Paper for the upcoming issue


The journal welcomes publications of high-quality research papers, review papers, white papers, conference papers, etc. on theoretical developments and practical applications in the domain of Electrical and Electronics and its allied sciences.

Authors are solicited to contribute to the journal by submitting articles that illustrate original research works, short communications and review articles in the thrust areas of the journal as mentioned in the About page.

Submission and Template:

  • The downloadable Template and the Online submission link are available on the PAPER SUBMISSION page
 
 

ADBU Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (AJEEE) is an International peer-reviewed Open-Access Online journal in English language that publishes scientific articles which contribute new novel experimentation and theoretical work in all areas of Electrical and Electronics Engineering and its applications.

* The views, interpretations and opinions expressed in the articles are those of the author(s) and should not be considered to reflect opinions of the Editorial Board of this journal- AJEEE.


Creative Commons License

© All Rights Reserved by Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, ADBU, Assam (India).