Design of Micro Wind Turbine for Low Wind Speed Areas: A Review

Deibanehbok Nongdhar, Bikramjit Goswami


With the increase in fossil fuel prices and the increase in demand for renewable energy sources, wind turbines play an important role in becoming the alternative technology in the generation of electricity. Since wind is clean and unbounded, wind energy is one of the best renewable sources of energy for the generation of electricity. This paper presents the ideas of designing a small-sized wind turbine or micro wind turbine for low wind speed areas which can be used in many applications like homes, villages, and so on to produce electricity. A small-sized wind turbine or micro wind turbine is a type of turbine that converts the kinetic energy of wind into electrical energy and it is used to generate power for small power needs. Additionally, this type of micro wind turbine can be used in rural areas, requiring a very low cost for installation.


Renewable Energy, Micro Wind Turbine, HAWT, VAWT

Full Text:



D. M. Bui and W. J. C. Melis, “Micro wind Turbine for Energy Gathering in buildup areas”, International Journal of Sustainable Energy Development (IJSED), Vol. 2, Issue No. 2, December 2013, pp. 105-114. Retrieved from

Z. Li, F. Boyle and A. Reynolds, “Domestic Application of Micro wind Turbines in Ireland: Investigation of their economic viability”, Renewable Energy, Vol. 41, May 2012, pp. 64-74.Doi:

J. K. Sahu and M. Sahu, “Micro Wind Turbine Technology: To Enhance Self Generative System in Passenger Train”, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), Vol. 3, Issue No. 11, November 2016, pp. 629-634. Retrieved from

A. R. Sengupta, A. Biswas and R. Gupta, “Vertical Axis Wind Turbines in the Built Environment: A Review”, ISESCO Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 12, Issue No. 22, pp. 11-16. Retrieved from

A. Deo, J. N. Goundar, S. Narayan and N. Chettiar, “Design and Performance Analysis of Micro Wind Turbines for Fiji”, International Journal of Information and Electronics Engineering, Vol. 6, Issue No. 1, January 2016, pp. 37-40. Retrieved from

N. N. Sorte and S. M. Shiekh, “Design and Development of Micro Vertical Axis wind turbine for Rural Application”, International Journal of Engineering and Computer Science, Vol. 3, Issue No. 7, July 2014.

J. Zhang, Z. Zhou and Y. Lei, “Design and research of high-performance low-speed wind turbines blades”, 2009 World Non-Grid-Connected Wind Power and Energy Conference (WNWEC 2009), Nanjing, 24-26 Sept., 2009, pp. 1-5.Doi:

M. Mohammadi, A. Mohammadi, M. Mohammadi and H. N. Minaei, “Optimization of small-scale wind turbine blades for low-speed conditions”, Journal of Clean Energy Technologies, Vol. 4, Issue No. 2, March 2016, pp. 140-143.Doi: 10.7763/JOCET.2016.V4.268

N. Prasad E., Janakiram S., Prabu T. and Sivasubramaniam S., “Design and development of Horizontal small turbine blade for low wind speed”, International Journal of Engineering Science & Advanced Technology (IJESAT), Vol. 4, Issue No. 1, 2014, pp. 75-84. Retrieved from

N. Korprasertsak and T. Leephakpreeda, “Analysis and optimal design of wind boosters for Vertical Axis Wind Turbines (VAWTs) at low wind speed”, Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, Vol. 159, Dec. 2016, pp. 9-18.Doi:

Y. Vidal, L. Acho, N. Luo, M. Zapateiro and F. Pozo, “Power control design for variable speed wind turbines”, Energies, Vol. 5, Issue No. 8, Aug. 2012, pp.3033-3050.Doi:

S. Rajendran and D. Jena, “Control of variable speed variable pitch wind turbine at above and below-rated wind speed”, Journal of Wind Energy, Vol. 2014, Oct. 2014, Article ID 709128. Retrieved from

A. Mclver, D. G. Holmes and P. Freeze, “Optimal control of Variable speed wind turbine under dynamic wind conditions”, Proceedings of Industry Applications Conference, 1996. Thirty-First IAS Annual Meeting, IAS '96., Conference Record of the 1996 IEEE, San Diego, CA, Vol. 3, 6-7 Oct. 1996, pp. 1692-1698. Doi:

M. Izadbakhsh, A. Rezvani, M. Gandomkar and S. Mirsaeidi, “Dynamic analysis of PMSG wind turbine under variable wind speeds and load conditions in the grid-connected mode”, Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 8, Issue No. 14, July 2015. Doi: 10.17485/ijst/2015/v8i14/51864

L. Wu and D. Enfield, “Investigation on the interaction between inertial response and droop control from variable speed wind turbines under changing wind conditions”, Proceedings of 2012 47th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC), London, 4-7 Sept. 2012, pp. 1-6. Doi:

Abubakkar A., T. Ravisankar and M. Makeshkumar, “Design and fabrication of micro wind turbine”, International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology Research (IJSETR), Vol. 5, Issue No. 5, May 2016, pp. 1785-1787. Retrieved from

V. K. Rathod and S. Y. Kamdi, “Design and Fabrication of PVC bladed inexpensive wind turbine”, IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE), Vol. 11, Issue No. 4, Ver. II, Aug. 2014. pp. 114-119.

A. Dhote and V.Bankar, “Design, analysis, and fabrication of Savonius Vertical axis wind turbine”, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), Vol. 2, Issue No. 3, June 2015. pp. 2048-2054.

M. Kumari and H. K. Singh, “Small Scale Wind Turbines: As alternative Energy system”, International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Vol. 3, Issue No. 6, June 2014, pp. 1607-1609.

D. P. Drumheller, G. C. D’Antonio, B. A. Chapman, C. P. Allison and O.Pierrakos, “Design of a micro wind turbine for implementation in low wind speed environment”, Proceedings of 2015 Systems and Information Engineering Design Symposium, Charlottesville, VA, 24 April 2015, pp. 125-130.Doi:

A. Suresh and S. Rajakumar, “Design and experimental investigation of a micro wind turbine”, International Journal of Advances in Engineering Research (IJAER), Vol. 10, Issue No. VI, December 2015, pp. 216-224. Retrieved from

M. M. M. Saad and N.Asmuin, “Comparison of Horizontal Axis Wind Turbines and Vertical Axis Wind Turbines”, IOSR Journal of Engineering (IOSRJEN), Vol. 4, Issue No. 8, V2, August 2014. pp. 27-30. Retrieved from


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Author and Journal (AJEEE)

Call for Paper for the upcoming issue

The journal welcomes publications of high-quality research papers, review papers, white papers, conference papers, etc. on theoretical developments and practical applications in the domain of Electrical and Electronics and its allied sciences.

Authors are solicited to contribute to the journal by submitting articles that illustrate original research works, short communications and review articles in the thrust areas of the journal as mentioned in the About page.

Submission and Template:

  • The downloadable Template and the Online submission link are available on the PAPER SUBMISSION page

ADBU Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (AJEEE) is an International peer-reviewed Open-Access Online journal in English language that publishes scientific articles which contribute new novel experimentation and theoretical work in all areas of Electrical and Electronics Engineering and its applications.

* The views, interpretations and opinions expressed in the articles are those of the author(s) and should not be considered to reflect opinions of the Editorial Board of this journal- AJEEE.

Creative Commons License

© All Rights Reserved by Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, ADBU, Assam (India).